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WMO Solid Precipitation Intercomparison Experiment (SPICE) (2012 - 2015)
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dc.contributor.authorNitu, Rodicaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRoulet, Yves-Alaines_ES
dc.contributor.authorWolff, Mareilees_ES
dc.contributor.authorEarle, Michael E.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorReverdin, Audreyes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Craig D.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorKochendorfer, Johnes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMorin, S.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorRasmussen, Royes_ES
dc.contributor.authorWong, Kaies_ES
dc.contributor.authorAlastrué, Javieres_ES
dc.contributor.authorArnold, L.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Brucees_ES
dc.contributor.authorBuisán, Samueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorCollado, José Luises_ES
dc.contributor.authorColli, M.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorCollins, B.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorGaydos, A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorHannula, H.-R.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorHoover, J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorJoe, Paules_ES
dc.contributor.authorKontu, A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorLaine, Timoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorLanza, L.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorLanzinger, E.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorLee, Gyuwones_ES
dc.contributor.authorLejeune, Yveses_ES
dc.contributor.authorLeppänen, L.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorMekis, Evaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPanel, J. M.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorPoikonen, Antties_ES
dc.contributor.authorRyu, Soorokes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSabatini, F.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorTheriault, J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorYang, Daqinges_ES
dc.contributor.authorGenthon, C.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorVan den Heuvel, F.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorHirasawa, N.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorKonishi, H.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorMotoyoshi, H.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorNakai, S.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorNishimura, K.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorSenese, A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorYamashita, K.es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe Solid Precipitation Intercomparison Experiment (SPICE) was conducted as an internationally coordinated project, initiated and guided by the Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The SPICE field experiments took place between 2013 and 2015, with a preparatory stage during the winter of 2012/13. SPICE was carried out as a major international effort, and has been remarkable for the diversity of organizations which hosted SPICE tests, contributed with instruments, and were engaged in the data analysis and the derivation of results. In addition to National Meteorological and Hydrological Services, research organizations, academia, and the private sector played active roles and made unique contributions. Field experiments were conducted at twenty sites located in fifteen countries, on all continents except Africa and Antarctica, as outlined in Section 2 of this report. The instrument manufacturing community made a significant contribution to SPICE, as more than twenty instrument manufacturers provided instruments measuring precipitation amount, snow depth, and snow water equivalent. Each instrument model was tested on one or more sites in different climate regimes and over a large range of environmental conditions, providing a solid foundation for the results presented in this report.es_ES
dc.publisherWorld Meteorological Organizationes_ES
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInstruments and observing methods report;131es_ES
dc.rightsLicencia CC: Reconocimiento–NoComercial–SinObraDerivada CC BY-NC-NDes_ES
dc.subjectSolid precipitationes_ES
dc.subjectInstruments measuring precipitationes_ES
dc.subjectObserving Methodses_ES
dc.titleWMO Solid Precipitation Intercomparison Experiment (SPICE) (2012 - 2015)es_ES
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