Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11765/11894
Impact of near-surface wind speed variability on wind erosion in the eastern agro-pastoral transitional zone of Northern China, 1982-2016 [Póster]
Title: Impact of near-surface wind speed variability on wind erosion in the eastern agro-pastoral transitional zone of Northern China, 1982-2016 [Póster]
Authors: Zhang, GangfengAzorín Molina, CésarShi, PeijunLin, DegengGuijarro, José Antonio ORCID RESEARCHERID Autor AEMETKong, FengChen, Deliang
Keywords: Wind erosion; Semi-arid areas; Homogenization method
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: EGU General Assembly (2019)
Abstract: The Wind erosion in arid and semi-arid areas is an important global environmental issue, and changes in wind speed trends over time play a key role in wind erosion dynamics. In a warming climate, scientists have recently observed a widespread decline in wind speed, termed "stilling". Here, we apply the Revised Wind Erosion Equation Model (RWEQ) to simulate the variability of wind erosion and quantify the impact of wind speed changes on soil degradation dynamics over the eastern agro-pastoral transitional zone of Northern China (EANC) from 1982 to 2016. Our results show that a significant (i.e., p<0.05) decrease (-0.007 m s-1 year-1) of near-surface wind speed was observed annually, with significant declining trends in spring (-0.010 m s-1 year-1 )and autumn (-0.009 m s-1 year-1). At the same time, wind erosion simulations reveal a negative trend for the annual soil loss from wind erosion (SLWE,-6.20 t hectare-2 year-1 , p<0.05; affecting 99.8% of the study region), with significant declining trends in all seasons, particularly in spring (-3.49 t hectare-2 year-1) and autumn (-1.26 hectare-2 year-1). Further, we isolate the effects of wind variability on wind erosion (SLWED) from 1982 to 2016 by the model variable control method. This shows that wind speed variability strongly weakens wind erosion at-8.14 t hectare-2 year-1 (p<0.05) annually, with the strongest stilling recorded in spring leading to major decreases of wind erosion in spring (-4.77 t hectare-2 year-1 , p<0.05). Meanwhile, the weakest stilling in summer had the opposite influence on wind erosion (+0.40 t hectare-2 year-1 , p<0.10). To summarize, our findings have shown a significant impact of wind stilling on the decline of soil erosion rates in Northern China.
Description: Póster presentado en: EGU General Assembly 2019 celebrada del 7 al 12 de abril en Viena, Austria.
Sponsorship : This research is funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41621061), and funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 703733 (STILLING project). This work has been also supported by the VR Project (2017-03780) funded by the Swedish Research Council.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11765/11894
Appears in Collections:EGU General Assembly


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