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Observing mineral dust in northern Africa, the middle east and Europe: current capabilities and challenges ahead for the development of dust services
Title: Observing mineral dust in northern Africa, the middle east and Europe: current capabilities and challenges ahead for the development of dust services
Authors: Mona, LuciaAmiridis, VassilisCuevas Agulló, Emilio ORCID RESEARCHERID SCOPUSID Autor AEMETGkikas, AntonisTrippetta, SerenaVandenbussche, SophieBenedetti, AngelaDagsson-Waldhauserová, PavlaFormenti, PaolaHaefele, AlexanderKazadzis, SteliosKnippertz, PeterLaurent, BenoitMadonna, FabioNickovic, SlodobanPapagiannopoulos, NikolaosPappalardo, GelsominaPérez García-Pando, CarlosPopp, ThomasRodríguez González, Sergio ORCID RESEARCHERID Autor AEMETSealy, AndreaSugimoto, NobuoTerradellas, EnricAutor AEMETVukovic Vimic, AnaWeinzierl, BernadetteBasart, Sara ORCID
Keywords: Mineral dust; Atmospheric aerosol; Dust observation; Earth radiation
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: American Meteorological Society
Citation: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 2023
Publisher version:
Abstract: Mineral dust produced by wind erosion of arid and semi-arid surfaces is a major component of atmospheric aerosol that affects climate, weather, ecosystems, and socio-economic sectors such as human health, transportation, solar energy, and air quality. Understanding these effects and ultimately improving the resilience of affected countries requires a reliable, dense, and diverse set of dust observations, fundamental for the development and the provision of skillful dust forecasts tailored products. The last decade has seen a notable improvement of dust observational capabilities in terms of considered parameters, geographical coverage, and delivery times, as well as of tailored products of interest to both the scientific community and the various end-users. Given this progress, here we review the current state of observational capabilities including in-situ, ground-based and satellite remote sensing observations, in Northern Africa, the Middle East and Europe for the provision of dust information considering the needs of various users. We also critically discuss observational gaps and related unresolved questions while providing suggestions for overcoming the current limitations. Our review aims to be a milestone for discussing dust observational gaps at a global level to address the needs of users, from research communities to nonscientific stakeholders.
ISSN: 0003-0007
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 2023-2026

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