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Comparison of the Tritium permeated from ITER Blanket in normal operation and its short range impact of HT over France, Swiss or Spain
Title: Comparison of the Tritium permeated from ITER Blanket in normal operation and its short range impact of HT over France, Swiss or Spain
Authors: Castro Lobera, María PalomaAutor AEMETVelarde, Manuel G.Ardao Berdejo, JoséAutor AEMETPerlado Martín, José ManuelSedano, LuisXiberta, Jorge
Keywords: Hydrogen isotope; Tritium permeated; Hydrogen isotopes permeation; ITER Blanket; Gas activity
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: 41ª Reunión Anual de la Sociedad Nuclear Española (2015)
Abstract: In this paper we consider hydrogen isotope (HT) permeation from a liquid metal (LM) ITER breeder blanket (assuming normal operation and a LM as DCLL or HCLL blanket) as a possible source of a tritium leak or release, as the main,, but not the only, source. The paper presents modeling of short-range low-impact HT gas activity over France, Swiss or Spain after release from ITER for sample 2014 and 2015 local weather conditions. The permeation of hydrogen isotopes is an important experimental issue that needs to be taken into account for the development of a Tritium Breeder Module for ITER [1]. Tritium cannot be confined - without an uncertainty of 5% in the flux permeation - and therefore HT can be detected (e.g. by ionization chambers) as it permeates though the structure of RAFM steel towards the coolant [1]. HT arising from Pb15.7Li, and permeated through Eurofer97, can contaminate other parts of the system and may be transported though the normal-vent detritiation system (NVDS). Real-time forecasts of the transport of tritium in air from the fusion reactor towards off-site far-downwind locations though extended tritium clouds into low levels of the atmosphere is calculated for the short range (up to 24 hours) by the coupling of 2 models the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) [2] model and the FLEXPART lagrangian dispersion model [3] verified with NORMTRI simulation [4] and implemented in many different cases and scenarios [5, 6, 7]. As a function of daily weather conditions, a release may affect just France or it may move towards Switzerland, under cyclonic circulation, or towards the Iberian Peninsula or Balearic Islands (Spain) when a HIGH produces anticyclonic circulation of air over the Mediterranean Sea.
Description: Comunicación presentada en: 41ª Reunión Anual de la Sociedad Nuclear Española celebrada del 23 al 25 de septiembre de 2015 en la ciudad de La Coruña.
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