Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11765/11083
Regionally improved seasonal forecast of precipitation through Best estimation of winter NAO
Title: Regionally improved seasonal forecast of precipitation through Best estimation of winter NAO
Authors: Sánchez García, Eroteida ORCID RESEARCHERID Voces Aboy, JoséNavascués, BeatrizRodríguez Camino, Ernesto
Keywords: Seasonal forecast; North Atlantic Oscillation; Winter precipitation; Ensemble forecasting
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Citation: Advances in Science and Research. 2019, 16, p. 165–174
Publisher version: https://dx.doi.org/10.5194/asr-16-165-2019
Abstract: We describe a methodology for ensemble member’s weighting of operational seasonal forecasting systems (SFS) based on an enhanced prediction of a climate driver strongly affecting meteorological parameters over a certain region. We have applied it to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) influence on the Iberian Peninsula winter precipitation. The first step in the proposed approach is to find the best estimation of winter NAO. Skill and error characteristics of forecasted winter NAO index by different Copernicus SFS are analysed in this study. Based on these results, a bias correction scheme is proposed and implemented for the ECMWF System 5 ensemble mean of NAO index, and then a modified NAO index pdf based on Gaussian errors is formulated. Finally, we apply the statistical estimation theory to achieve the Best linear unbiased estimate of winter NAO index and its uncertainty. For this purpose, two a priori estimates are used: the bias corrected NAO index Gaussian pdf from ECMWF System 5, and a skilful winter NAO index prediction based on teleconnection with snow cover advance with normal distributed errors. The second step of the proposed methodology is to employ the enhanced NAO index pdf estimates for ensemble member’s weighting of a SFS based on a single dynamical model. The new NAO pdfs obtained in this work have been used to improve the skill of the ECMWF System 5 to predict both NAO index and precipitation over the Iberian Peninsula. We show the improvement of NAO prediction, and of winter precipitation forecasts over our region of interest, when members are weighted with the bias corrected NAO index Gaussian pdf based on ECMWF System 5 compared with the usual approach based on equiprobability of ensemble members. Forecast skill is further enhanced if the Best NAO index pdf based on an optimal combination of the two a priori NAO index estimates is used for ensemble member’s weighting.
Description: Número monográfico dedicado al "18th EMS Annual Meeting: European Conference for Applied Meteorology and Climatology 2018"
Sponsorship : The research leading to these results has received funding from MEDSCOPE project. MEDSCOPE is cofunded by the European Commission as part of ERA4CS, an ERANET initiated by JPI Climate, grant agreement no. 690462.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11765/11083
ISSN: 1992-0628
1992-0636
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 2019-2020


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