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Characterization of an EKO MS-711 spectroradiometer: aerosol retrieval from spectral direct irradiance measurements and corrections of the circumsolar radiation [Discussion paper]
Title: Characterization of an EKO MS-711 spectroradiometer: aerosol retrieval from spectral direct irradiance measurements and corrections of the circumsolar radiation [Discussion paper]
Authors: García Cabrera, Rosa Delia ORCID RESEARCHERID Cuevas Agulló, Emilio ORCID RESEARCHERID SCOPUSID Autor AEMETBarreto Velasco, África ORCID RESEARCHERID SCOPUSID Autor AEMETCachorro, Victoria E.Pó, MarioRamos López, RamónAutor AEMETHoogendijk, Kees
Keywords: Spectroradiometer; Sunphotometer; Solar irradiance; Aerosol optical depth
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
Citation: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions. 2019
Publisher version:
Abstract: Spectral direct UV-Visible normal solar irradiance (DNI) measured with an EKO MS-711 spectroradiometer at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (IZO, Spain) has been used to determine aerosol optical depth (AOD) at several wavelengths (340, 380, 440, 500, 675 and 870 nm) between April and September 2019 that have been compared with synchronous AOD measurements from a reference Cimel-AERONET (Aerosol RObotic NETwork) sunphotometer. The EKO MS-711 has been calibrated at Izaña Observatory using the Langley-Plot method during the study period. Although this instrument has been designed for spectral solar DNI measurements, and therefore has a field of view (FOV) of 5° that is twice that recommended in solar photometry for AOD determination, the AOD differences compared against the AERONET Cimel reference instrument (FOV ∼ 1.2°), are fairly small. The comparison results between AOD Cimel and EKO MS-711 present a root mean square (RMS) of 0.013 (24.6 %) at 340, and 380 nm, and 0.029 (19.5 %) for longer wavelengths (440, 500, 675 and 870 nm). However, under relatively high AOD, near forward aerosol scattering might be significant because of the relatively large circumsolar radiation (CSR) due to the large EKO MS-711 FOV, resulting in a small but significant AOD underestimation in the UV range. The AOD differences decrease considerably when CSR corrections, estimated from LibRadtran radiative transfer model simulations, are performed, obtaining RMS of 0.006 (14.9 %) at 340 and 380 nm, and 0.005 (11.1 %) for longer wavelengths. The percentage of 2-minute synchronous EKO AOD–Cimel AOD differences within the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) traceability limits were ≥ 96 % at 500 nm, 675 nm and 870 nm with no CSR corrections. After applying the CSR corrections, the percentage of AOD differences within the WMO traceability limits increased to > 95 % for 380, 440, 500, 675 and 870 nm, while for 340 nm the percentage of AOD differences showed a poorer increase from 67 % to a modest 86 %.
Sponsorship : AERONET Sun photometers at Izaña have been calibrated within the AERONET Europe TNA, supported by the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement no. 654109 (ACTRIS-2). This research benefited from the results of the project funding by MINECO RTI2018-097864-B-I00.
ISSN: 1867-8610
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 2019-2022

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