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Ground-based remote-sensing techniques for diagnosis of the current state and recent evolution of the Monte Perdido Glacier, Spanish Pyrenees
Title: Ground-based remote-sensing techniques for diagnosis of the current state and recent evolution of the Monte Perdido Glacier, Spanish Pyrenees
Authors: López Moreno, Juan IgnacioAlonso-González, E.Monserrat, OriolRío, L. M. delOtero, JaimeLapazaran, Javier JesúsLuzi, GuidoDematteis, NiccoloSerreta, AlfredoRico, IbaiSerrano Cañadas, EnriqueBartolomé, MiguelMoreno, AnaBuisán Sanz, Samuel Tomás ORCID RESEARCHERID SCOPUSID Autor AEMETRevuelto, Jesús
Keywords: Glacier monitoring; Ground-penetrating radar; Remote sensing
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Journal of Glaciology. 2019, 65(249), p. 85–100
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Abstract: This work combines very detailed measurements from terrestrial laser scanner (TLS), groundbased interferometry radar (GB-SAR) and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) to diagnose current conditions and to analyse the recent evolution of the Monte Perdido Glacier in the Spanish Pyrenees from 2011 to 2017. Thus, this is currently one of the best monitored small glacier (<0.5 km2) worldwide. The evolution of the glacier surface was surveyed with a TLS evidencing an important decline of 6.1 ± 0.3 m on average, with ice losses mainly concentrated over 3 years (2012, 2015 and 2017). Ice loss is unevenly distributed throughout the study period, with 10–15 m thinning in some areas while unchanged areas in others. GB-SAR revealed that areas with higher ice losses are those that are currently with no or very low ice motion. In contrast, sectors located beneath the areas with less ice loss are those that still exhibit noticeable ice movement (average 2–4.5 cm d─1 in summer, and annual movement of 9.98 ma─1 from ablation stakes data). GPR informed that ice thickness was generally <30 m, though locally 30–50 m. Glacier thinning is still accelerating and will lead to extinction of the glacier over the next 50 years.
Sponsorship : E. Alonso-González is supported by a FPI fellowship of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (BES2015-071466). J. Revuelto is supported by a Post-doctoral Fellowship of the AXA research foundation. This research was made possible partially by funding granted by the Junta de Extremadura and the Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional-FEDER, through the reference GR15107 to the research group COMPHAS and the EXPLORA PaleoICE project (ref. CGL2015-72167-EXP), and CLIMPY (FEDERPOCTEFA). The research of J. Lapazaran and J. Otero was funded by the Spanish State Plan for Research and Development project CTM2014-56473-R.
ISSN: 0022-1430
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 2019-2022

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