Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11765/11647
Dynamic characteristics of regional flows around the Pyrénées in view of the PYREX Experiment. Part I: Analysis of the pressure and wind fields and experimental assessment of the applicability of the linear theory
Title: Dynamic characteristics of regional flows around the Pyrénées in view of the PYREX Experiment. Part I: Analysis of the pressure and wind fields and experimental assessment of the applicability of the linear theory
Authors: Bénech, B.Koffi, E.Druilhet, A.Durand, P.Bessemoulin, PierreCampins, Joan ORCID RESEARCHERID Autor AEMETJansà Clar, AgustíAutor AEMETTerliuc, B.
Keywords: PYREX Experiment; Pressure; Wind
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: American Meteorological Society
Citation: Journal of Applied Meteorology. 1998, 37, p. 32-52
Publisher version: https://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1998)037<0032:DCORFA>2.0.CO;2
Abstract: The Pyrénées experiment (PYREX), launched by the French and Spanish meteorological services, had provided an extensive database that was used in the present work to describe the airflow around the Pyrénées and to evaluate the applicability of the linear theory to stable flows that are blocked by a relatively large mountain range. The direction of incidence of the incoming synoptic wind was used to classify the flow in northerly and southerly categories. In both categories, the directions of incidence bear westward from normal incidence to the main axis of the mountain range. Froude (Fr) and Rossby (Ro) numbers were used to represent the thermodynamic characteristics of the incoming air masses and the scale of interaction in terms of the mountain shape. Here, Fr and Ro were found linearly correlated, and their combination corresponding to blocked flow in all the cases. Average cross correlations between the pressure drag across the mountain and the vertical profiles of the wind components at selected locations demonstrate that the horizontal flow is clearly separated in an upper undisturbed regime and a lower blocked regime in which regional winds are induced. The separating layer corresponding to the mean Froude number encountered during PYREX was found at an altitude of about two-thirds of the mountaintop. Due to the perturbation induced by the deflected wind, the total wind during northerly flows is stronger on the east side than on the west side, while during southerly incoming flows, the total wind distribution is almost symmetric. Good correlation was found among the pressure field perturbation, the pressure drag, and Froude number of the incoming flow. Clear correlation rules can be deduced from the analysis of the experimental data at different altitudes for both categories of incoming flows. Therefore, since the pressure drag can be easily determined using field measurements, it becomes a powerful tool for the prediction of the regional winds around the Pyrénées.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11765/11647
ISSN: 0894-8763
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 1995-1999


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