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An updated review on recent trends in observational surface atmospheric variables and their extremes over Spain
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dc.contributor.authorVicente Serrano, Sergio Martínes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Camino, Ernestoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorDomínguez Castro, Fernandoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorEl-Kenawy, Ahmedes_ES
dc.contributor.authorAzorín Molina, Césares_ES
dc.identifier.citationCuadernos de Investigación Geográfica. 2017, 43(1), p. 209-232es_ES
dc.description.abstractThis article reviewed state-of-the-art findings on recent trends in observed atmospheric variables and their extremes in Spain. Our study screened peer-reviewed articles, published within the last decade, on recent climate variability in Spain, with a particular focus on a range of the essential atmospheric variables. The review focusses on the recent evolution of precipitation and air temperature, but also on other meteorological variables such as solar radiation, wind speed, surface humidity and evapotranspiration. While this review highlights results on changes in the mean state of climate in Spain, it also gives equal attention to findings on extreme weather events (e.g. rainstorms, heat waves and droughts). This paper also reviews trends of the most extreme events, like rainstorms, heat waves and droughts. A detailed review of studies focusing on recent changes in the surface climate of Spain revealed some key findings. Studies demonstrate an overall increase of solar radiation since the 1980s. A similar behaviour was observed for surface air temperature since the 1960s, on the order of +0.3ºC decade-1, with rapid warming rates during summer. Different seasonal trend patterns of wind speed were noted over Spain, with declines in winter-spring and increases in summer-autumn. A remarkable decrease (-5%) in relative humidity was observed from 1961 to 2011. For precipitation, studies suggested a strong variability over both space and time, with a moderate decrease of the annual total precipitation. In accordance with changes in the mean conditions of climate, studies of extreme weather events stressed a notable warming in warm extremes, while changes in cold extremes were generally insignificant.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis word was supported by the research project PCIN-2015-220, CGL2014-5235-C03-01, Red de variabilidad y cambio climático RECLIM (CGL2014-517221-REDT) financed by the Spanish Commission of Science and Technology and FEDER, "LIFE12 ENV/ES/000536-Demonstration and validation of innovative methodology for regional climate change adaptation in the Mediterranean area (LIFE MEDACC)" financed by the LIFE programme of the European Commission, and IMDROFLOOD finaced by the Water Works 2014 co-funded call of the European Commission.es_ES
dc.publisherUniversidad de La Riojaes_ES
dc.rightsLicencia CC: Reconocimiento–NoComercial–SinObraDerivada CC BY-NC-NDes_ES
dc.subjectClimate variabilityes_ES
dc.subjectAir temperaturees_ES
dc.subjectSolar radiationes_ES
dc.subjectWind speedes_ES
dc.subjectAtmospheric evaporative demandes_ES
dc.titleAn updated review on recent trends in observational surface atmospheric variables and their extremes over Spaines_ES
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 2015-2018

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