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Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Tropospheric ozone from 1877 to 2016, observed levels, trends and uncertainties
Title: Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Tropospheric ozone from 1877 to 2016, observed levels, trends and uncertainties
Authors: Tarasick, David W.Galbally, Ian E.Cooper, Owen R.Schultz, Martin G.Ancellet, GerardLeblanc, ThierryWallington, Timothy J.Ziemke, Jerry R.Xiong, LiuSteinbacher, MartinStaehelin, JohannesVigouroux, CorinneHannigan, James W.García Rodríguez, Omaira Elena ORCID RESEARCHERID Autor AEMETForet, GillesZanis, ProdromosWeatherhead, ElizabethPetropavlovskikh, IrinaWorden, Helen M.Osman, MohammedLiu, JaneChang, Kai-LanGaudel, AudreyLin, MeiyunGranados-Muñoz, María JoséThompson, Anne M.Oltmans, Samuel J.Cuesta, JuanDufour, GaelleThouret, ValerieHassler, BirgitTrickl, ThomasNeu, Jessica L.
Keywords: Ozone; Troposphere; Measurements; Trends; Historical; Climate
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: University of California Press
Citation: Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. 2019, 7:39, p. 1-72
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Abstract: From the earliest observations of ozone in the lower atmosphere in the 19th century, both measurement methods and the portion of the globe observed have evolved and changed. These methods have different uncertainties and biases, and the data records differ with respect to coverage (space and time), information content, and representativeness. In this study, various ozone measurement methods and ozone datasets are reviewed and selected for inclusion in the historical record of background ozone levels, based on relationship of the measurement technique to the modern UV absorption standard, absence of interfering pollutants, representativeness of the well-mixed boundary layer and expert judgement of their credibility. There are significant uncertainties with the 19th and early 20th-century measurements related to interference of other gases. Spectroscopic methods applied before 1960 have likely underestimated ozone by as much as 11% at the surface and by about 24% in the free troposphere, due to the use of differing ozone absorption coefficients. There is no unambiguous evidence in the measurement record back to 1896 that typical mid-latitude background surface ozone values were below about 20 nmol mol–1, but there is robust evidence for increases in the temperate and polar regions of the northern hemisphere of 30–70%, with large uncertainty, between the period of historic observations, 1896–1975, and the modern period (1990–2014). Independent historical observations from balloons and aircraft indicate similar changes in the free troposphere. Changes in the southern hemisphere are much less. Regional representativeness of the available observations remains a potential source of large errors, which are difficult to quantify.
ISSN: 2325-1026
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 2019-2022

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