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Mortality due to COVID-19 in Spain and its association with environmental factors and determinants of health
Title: Mortality due to COVID-19 in Spain and its association with environmental factors and determinants of health
Authors: Culqui Lévano, Dante R.Díaz Jiménez, JulioBlanco, AlejandroLópez, José AntonioNavas-Martín, Miguel ÁngelSánchez Martínez, GerardoLuna Rico, Yolanda ORCID RESEARCHERID SCOPUSID Autor AEMETHervella, Beatriz RESEARCHERID Autor AEMETBelda Esplugues, FernandoAutor AEMETLinares Gil, Cristina
Keywords: COVID-19 mortality; Air pollution; Temperature; Humidity; Determinants of health
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: SpringerOpen
Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe. 2022, 34(39), p. 1-12
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Abstract: The objective of this study was to identify which air pollutants, atmospheric variables and health determinants could infuence COVID-19 mortality in Spain. This study used information from 41 of the 52 provinces in Spain (from Feb. 1, to May 31, 2021). Generalized Linear Models (GLM) with Poisson link were carried out for the provinces, using the Rate of Mortality due to COVID-19 (CM) per 1,000,000 inhabitants as dependent variables, and average daily concentrations of PM10 and NO2 as independent variables. Meteorological variables included maximum daily temperature (Tmax) and average daily absolute humidity (HA). The GLM model controlled for trend, seasonalities and the autoregressive character of the series. Days with lags were established. The relative risk (RR) was calculated by increases of 10 g/m3 in PM10 and NO2 and by 1 ℃ in the case of Tmax and 1 g/m3 in the case of HA. Later, a linear regression was carried out that included the social determinants of health.
Sponsorship : The authors would like to thank the Carlos III Health Institute for their fnancial support Project ENPY 221/20. This work was carried out with funds of the ENPY 221/20 project.
ISSN: 2190-4707
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos 2019-2022

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