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Assessment of Sun photometer Langley calibration at the high-elevation sites Mauna Loa and Izaña
Título : Assessment of Sun photometer Langley calibration at the high-elevation sites Mauna Loa and Izaña
Autor : Toledano, Carlos; González, Ramiro; Fuertes, David; Cuevas Agulló, Emilio; Eck, Thomas F.; Kazadzis, Stelios; Kouremeti, Natalia; Gröbner, Julian; Goloub, Philippe; Blarel, Luc; Román, Roberto; Barreto, África; Berjón, Alberto; Holben, Brent N.; Cachorro, Victoria E.
Palabras clave : Sun photometer; High-mountain stations; Aerosol optical depth
Fecha de publicación : 2018
Editor: European Geosciences Union
Citación : Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2018, 18(19), p. 14555-14567
Versión del editor: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-14555-2018
Resumen : The aim of this paper is to analyze the suitability of the high-mountain stations Mauna Loa and Izaña for Langley plot calibration of Sun photometers. Thus the aerosol optical depth (AOD) characteristics and seasonality, as well as the cloudiness, have been investigated in order to provide a robust estimation of the calibration uncertainty as well as the number of days that are suitable for Langley calibrations. The data used for the investigations belong to the AERONET and GAW-PFR networks, which maintain reference Sun photometers at these stations with long measurement records: 22 years at Mauna Loa and 15 years at Izaña. In terms of clear-sky and stable aerosol conditions, Mauna Loa (3397ma.s.l.) exhibits on average 377 Langley plots (243 morning and 134 afternoon) per year suitable for Langley plot calibration, whereas Izaña (2373ma.s.l.) shows 343 Langley plots (187 morning and 155 afternoon) per year. The background AOD (500nm) values, on days that are favorable for Langley calibrations, are in the range 0.01–0.02 throughout the year, with well-defined seasonality that exhibits a spring maximum at both stations plus a slight summer increase at Izaña. The statistical analysis of the long-term determination of extraterrestrial signals yields to a calibration uncertainty of  ∼ 0.25–0.5%, this uncertainty being smaller in the visible and near-infrared wavelengths and larger in the ultraviolet wavelengths. This is due to atmospheric variability produced by changes in several factors, mainly the AOD. The uncertainty cannot be reduced based only on quality criteria of individual Langley plots and averaging over several days is shown to reduce the uncertainty to the needed levels for reference Sun photometers.
Patrocinador: This research has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement no. 654109 (ACTRIS-2). The funding by MINECO (CTM2015-66742-R) and Junta de Castilla y León (VA100P17) is also acknowledged.
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11765/9972
ISSN : 1680-7316
1680-7324
Colecciones: Artículos científicos 2015-2018


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